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ISSN : 1225-0171(Print)
ISSN : 2287-545X(Online)
Korean Journal of Applied Entomology Vol.61 No.2 pp.331-333
DOI : https://doi.org/10.5656/KSAE.2022.05.0.019

A New Record of Parasitoid Wasp Aleiodes thirakupti (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) from South Korea

Gyeonghyeon Lee, Yeonghyeok Yu, Sangjin Kim, Juhyeong Sohn, Jongok Lim1, Hyojoong Kim*
Animal Systematics Lab., Department of Biological Science, Kunsan National University, Gunsan 54150, Korea
1Department of Life and Environmental Sciences, Wonkwang University, Iksan 54538, Korea
*Corresponding author:hkim@kunsan.ac.kr
February 8, 2022 May 19, 2022 May 23, 2022

Abstract


Aleiodes thirakupti (Butcher et al., 2012) belonging to the subfamily Rogadinae in the family Braconidae is first reported from Korea. Diagnosis, distribution, and illustration are provided for this species.



한국산 미기록 기생벌 Aleiodes thirakupti (벌목: 고치벌과)에 대한 보고

이 경현, 유 영혁, 김 상진, 손 주형, 임 종옥1, 김 효중*
군산대학교 생명과학과 동물계통분류학연구실
1원광대학교 생명환경학과

초록


고치벌과의 송충살이고치벌아과에 속하는 Aleiodes thirakupti (Butcher et al., 2012)을 국내 최초로 보고한다. 본 종에 대한 진단, 분포 및 삽 화를 제공한다.



    The Rogadinae is richness species subfamily containing more than 1,242 described species grouped in 62 currently recognized genera (Yu et al., 2016). Most members in Rogadinae are koinobiont endoparasitoids wasps characterized ‘mummifying’ their lepidopteran host larvae. It was known that the rogadine wasps mainly attack various lepidopterans. The genus Aleiodes is a large genus of subfamily Rogadinae, approximately about 632 described species worldwide (Yu et al., 2016), which almost attacks macrolepidopterans (Zaldívar-Riverón et al., 2008). Furthermore, some of them are very beneficial as biological control agents to host forest pests, such as gypsy moth, cutworms, and fall webworm (Shaw, 2006). To date, 32 species of the genus Aleiodes have been recorded in the National Species List of South Korea (NIBR, 2020). In this study, Aleiodesthirakupti is reported, for the first time, from Korea, which has formerly been described in Thailand (Yu et al., 2016). Here, redescription, diagnosis, distribution and illustrations are provided.

    Materials and Methods

    Aleiodes species recently collected by sweeping, mountain 43, Goseo-ri, Bigeum-myeon, Sinan-gun, Jeonnam, South Korea. The samples were preserved in 75% ethyl alcohol. The species studied are deposited in Kunsan National University (KSNU). The terminology used for morphological characters follows Achterberg (1988) For observation and photography, LEICA DMC2900 digital camera and LEICA M205 C microscope (Leica Geosystems AG) were used. Images were stacked by using Helicon software (Helicon Soft). Abbreviations are as follows: CU; cubitous vein, SC; subcostal vein, R; radial vein, SR; subradial vein, T; tergite.

    Systematic Accounts

    Family Braconidae Nees von Esenbeck, 1811

    Subfamily Rogadinae Förster, 1863

    Genus AleiodesWesmael, 1838

    AleiodesWesmael, 1838: 11:1-166.

    PetalodesWesmael, 1838: 11:1-166.

    SchizoidesWesmael, 1838: 11:1-166.

    AliodesAgassiz, 1846: 360.

    NebarthaWalker, 1860: (3)5:304-311.

    LeluthinusEnderlein, 1912: 78(A:94-100.

    HeterogamoidesFullaway, 1919: 80:39-59.

    HyperstemmaShestakov, 1940: 32A(19):1-21.

    Hyperstemma [homonym] Telenga, 1941: 5(3) 466.

    Jirunia Malác, 1941: 4:136-139.

    DimorphomastaxShenefelt, 1979: 81(1):125-134.

    VietorogasLong and van Achterberg, 2008: 82(24-41): 313-329.

    Aleiodesthirakupti (Butcher et al., 2012) 황동두렁고 치벌(신칭) (Fig. 1A-F)

    brown yellow T1~T2 dorsal midlongitudinal present like a rip For this reason, it was named as follows

    Rediscription

    Morphology. Body Length of body 5.6mm (Fig. 1A), length of forewing 3.7mm (Fig. 1B). Fore wing vein R not right angle with pterostigma, middle of pterostigma dark brown (Fig. 1B), vein 1-M and CU-a do not meet and CU1b absent; hind wing vein 2-SC+R interstitial transverse and SR weakly present. Head Antennae yellow brown (apex of antenna missing); flagellomeres sensillae of antenna evenly spaced around and dark brown towards the apex (Fig. 1C); occipital carina complete, ocellus dark purple (Fig. 1D). Mesosoma Precoxal sulcus present; mesopleuron wider than high; prepectal carina present; tortuous pleural sulcus, presence of white setae throughout except for sulcus (Fig. 1E). Metasoma Tergites not smooth, T1~T2 dorsal midlongitudinal present and brown yellow, distinctly differentiated semicircle of T2 area, suture between T1 ~T3 present, edge of T2 and T3 almost straight (Fig. 1F).

    Distribution. South Korea (new), Thailand (Yu et al., 2016).

    Biology. Unknown.

    Specimens examined. 1♀, mountain 43, Goseo-ri, Bigeummyeon, Sinan-gun, Jeollanam-do (34°45'13.8, 125°54'18.4), South Korea, 15. Ⅶ. 2021, Hyojoong Kim (sweeping).

    Remarks. This species has suture between T1~T3 present, SR weakly present, distinctly differentiated semicircle of T2 area.

    Acknowledgments

    This research was supported by a grant from the National Institute of Biological Resources (NIBR201601203), funded by Korea Ministry of Environment (MOE). It was also supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education (NRF-2018R1D1A3B07044298), and by Honam National Institute of Biological Resources (HNIBR) of the Republic of Korea (Project No. HNIBR202101101).

    KJAE-61-2-331_F1.gif

    Habitus of Aleiodesthirakupti (Butcher et al., 2012): A, whole body in lateral view; B, wings; C, antenna (apical segments broken); D, head dorsal view; E, mesosoma in lateral view; F, metasoma in dorsal view.

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