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ISSN : 1225-0171(Print)
ISSN : 2287-545X(Online)
Korean Journal of Applied Entomology Vol.56 No.4 pp.437-438
DOI : https://doi.org/10.5656/KSAE.2017.11.0.049

The Red imported fire ant, Solenopsis invicta Buren (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae) discovered in Busan sea port, Korea

Dong Pyo Lyu*, Heung Sik Lee1
Department of Forest Sciences, Sangji University, Wonju 26339, Korea
1Plant Quarantine Technology Research & Development, Gimcheon 39660, Korea
Corresponding author: myrmicinae@sangji.ac.kr
21/11/2017 22/11/2017 23/11/2017

Abstract

The red imported fire ant, Solenopsis invicta Buren, 1972 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae) was discovered in Busan sea port, Korea. Only one colony was found and then removed rapidly by Animal and Plant Quarantine Agency.


한국에서 Solenopsis invicta (벌목, 개미과)의 발견 보고

류 동표*, 이 흥식1
상지대학교 산림과학과
1농림축산검역본부 식물검역기술개발센터

초록

벌목 개미과 두마디개미아과(Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae)의 Solenopsis invicta Buren, 1972가 국내 부산항에서 처음 발견되 어 농림축산검역본부에 의해 신속하게 제거되었다.


    A colony of Red Imported Fire Ant (RIFA), Solenopsis invicta which is one of quarantine pests in Korea was discovered by plant quarantine inspectors in Gamman pier, Busan, Korea on 8th September 2017. It was located in the cracks on the container yard covered with ascon. After collection of ant speciemens, they were identified into Solenopsis invicta by authors on the day.Figs. 1-4.

    The next day, several specialists including authors surveyed the area of Gamman container yard and confirmed only single colony was there. After surveillance, Animal and Plant Quarantine Agency (APQA) treated pesticide (Deltamethrin) on the area of radius 100m from the colony for control of its spread. After then, APQA dug the container yard with forklift and removed RIFA colony followed by spraying the pesticides sufficiently on the soil containing RIFA colony again for the eradication on 2nd October 2017.

    After eradication treatment, APQA monitored RIFA using bait traps during 50days but more RIFA was not found there. Consequently, it was considered that RIFA colony could be removed in Gamman pier Busan.

    KSAE-56-437_F1.gif

    Worker of Solenopsis invicta Buren. 1, Frontal aspect; 2, Lateral aspect; 3, Dorsal aspect; 4, Central clypeal tooth.

    Reference

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    6. Wetterer J.K. (2013) Exotic spread of Solenopsis invicta Buren (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) beyond North America. , Sociobiology, Vol.60 ; pp.50-55