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ISSN : 1225-0171(Print)
ISSN : 2287-545X(Online)
Korean Journal of Applied Entomology Vol.56 No.4 pp.395-402
DOI : https://doi.org/10.5656/KSAE.2017.11.0.031

Essential Oil Isolated from Iranian Yarrow as a Bio-rational Agent to the
Management of Saw-toothed Grain Beetle, Oryzaephilus surinamensis (L.)

Asgar Ebadollahi*
Moghan College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
Corresponding author: ebadollahi@uma.ac.ir

Abstract

Overuse of synthetic pesticides caused negative side-effects such as environmental contamination, development of insect pests’ resistance, and effects on non-target organisms. Plant origin substances without/or with low mammalian toxicity have been considered as promising alternatives to the synthetic pesticides. Fumigant toxicity of the essential oil of Iranian Yarrow, Achillea millefolium L., was investigated against a cosmopolitan stored-product insect pest: saw-toothed grain beetle (Oryzaephilus surinamensis L.). Chemical profile of this essential oil was studied by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry. Tested concentrations were significantly effective to the mortality of insect pest. A positive correlation between essential oil concentrations and pest mortality were realized. LC50 value (lethal concentration needed to 50% mortality) was achieved as 17.977 (16.195 ± 20.433) μl/l air. The main components were 1,8-Cineole (13.17%), nerolidol (12.87%), α-cubebene (12.35%), artemisia ketone (6.69%), α-terpineol (5.27%), alloaromadendrene oxide (4.71%) and borneol (3.99%). Terpenic compounds including monoterpene hydrocarbons (8.19%), monoterpenoids (44.23%), sesquiterpene hydrocarbons (21.69%) and sesquiterpenoids (22.24%) were 96.35% of the total identified compounds. Results indicated that the terpene-rich A. millefolium essential oil may be considered as a safe bio-agent in the O. surinamensis management.

머리대장가는납작벌레의 합리적 방제 물질로
이란 서양가새풀 정유의 살충효과 평가

아스가르 에바돌라히*
1이란 아르다빌리 모하그 대학교, 농업자연자원대학(모그한 캠퍼스)

초록

유기합성 농약의 과다사용은 환경오염, 살충제 저항성 발달, 비표적 생물에 대한 영향 등 부작용의 원인이 되고 있다. 유기합성 농약의 대체약 제로 포유동물에 저독성인 식물기원 물질이 각광을 받게 되었다. 이란 서양가새풀(Achillea millefolium L.) 정유성분의 훈증독성은 국제적 저장작 물 해충인 머리대장가는납작벌레(Oryzaephilus surinamensis L.)의 방제제로 연구된 바 있다. 이 식물 정유의 화학적 성분을 가스크로마트 그래피 (MS)를 이용하여 분석하였다. 살충실험 결과 처리농도에 따라 유의한 살충률을 나타냈다. 처리농도와 살충률 간 양의 상관관계가 있었다. 반치사 농도(LC50)는 17.977 μl/L 이었다. 주요 성분은 1,8-Cineole (13.17%), nerolidol (12.87%), α-cubebene (12.35%), artemisia ketone (6.69%), α-terpineol (5.27%), alloaromadendrene oxide (4.71%) 및 borneol (3.99%) 이었다. 전체 동정된 화합물의 96.35%는 Terpenic 화합물로 monoterpene hydrocarbons (8.19%), monoterpenoids (44.23%), sesquiterpene hydrocarbons (21.69%) 및 sesquiterpenoids (22.24%)를 포함하고 있었다. 본 결과는 terpene이 풍부한 서양가새풀 정유가 머리대장가는납작벌레의 안전한 생물농약으로 고려될 수 있음을 보여주었다.
 

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