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ISSN : 1225-0171(Print)
ISSN : 2287-545X(Online)
Korean Journal of Applied Entomology Vol.52 No.1 pp.0-59
DOI : https://doi.org/10.5656/KSAE.2012.11.0.053

北韓産 잎말이나방科 (나비目)의 2미기록종 및 새로운 채집지 보고

변봉규*, 이봉우1, 배관호2, 최준근3
한남대학교 생명시스템과학과, 1국립수목원 산림생물조사과, 2경북대학교 생태환경시스템학부, 3강원도농업기술원 환경농업연구과

초록

지난 1970년이래 헝가리자연사박물관의 북한지역 탐사를 통해 채집조사되어 보관된 표본을 대상으로 검경한 결과 북한산 잎말이나방과 12종이 추가로 분류・동정되어 보고한다. 이중 2종(Notocelia rosaecolana Doubleday, Rhopobota ustomaculana Curtis)은 북한지역에서는 처음으로보고되는 북한미기록종이었다. 이외에 보고되는 10종은 주로 기존문헌에 목록에만 포함되어 있어 정확한 분포정보들이 없어왔던 종들로 금번연구를 통해 새로운 분포지가 기록되는 종들이다. 본 연구에서는 금번에 보고되는 2종의 북한미기록종과 새롭게 채집지가 확인된 10종의 목록을 정리하여 보고하며 각 종별로 채집지기록, 국내외 분포 및 기주식믈정보 등을 제시하였다.

Two Unrecorded Species of Tortricidae (Lepidoptera) from North Korea, with Notes on Collection Localities of North Korean Tortricids Deposited at the Hungarian Natural History Museum

Bong-Kyu Byun*, Bong-Woo Lee1, Kwan-Ho Bae2, Jun-Keun Choi3
Department of Biological Science & Biotechnology, Hannam University
1Division of Forest Biodiversity, Korea National Arboretum, 2School of Ecological & Environmental System, Kyungpook National University, 3Agricultural Environment Research Division, Gangwondo Agricultural Research and Extension Services
Received September 10 2012, Revised November 14 2012, Accepted November 19 2012

Abstract

Based on the specimens of Tortricidae collected from North Korea by Hungarian Natural History Museum, totally twelvespecies were identified. Among them, two species, Notocelia rosaecolana Doubleday and Rhopobota ustomaculana Curtis, are reported forthe first time from North Korea. All identified species is enumerated with their available information including the collecting localities,the distributional ranges and host plants.

As far as we know, the first record of the subfamily Tortricidae from North Korea was reported by Zhu (1969), comprising 34 species. Later, Park and Byun (1991) reported 21 newly recorded species of the family Tortricidae from North Korea, with the material deposited in the Hungarian Natural History Museum, Budapest, Hungary (HNHM). Park and Razowski (1991) added 16 species of the tribe Tortricini for the North Korean fauna, based on the material in the Polish Academy of Sciences, Krakow, Poland (PAS). Jaros et al. (1992) reported 28 species of Tortricidae from North Korea, based on the material in the Czech Academy of Sciences, Prague, Czech Republic (CAS). Byun et al. (1998) enumerated 350 species of Korean Tortricidae, citing 63 species of Tortricinae and 40 species of Olethreutinae from North Korea. Later, Razowski (1999) provided a list of Korean Tortricidae with additional data of the material, treating 176 species of the Tortricidae of North Korea based on previous reports and the specimens at PAS. Despite these studies, much of the North Korean Tortricidae deposited in the HNHM had not been examined to date.

Recently the first author examined the tortricid material in the HNHM and reported 7 newly recorded species from North Korea (Byun et al., 2007). This paper is the report for the North Korean Tortricinae, based on the material in HNHM. In the present study, we provide the faunistic information for twelve species of Tortricidae, including their localities. Among them, two species, Notocelia rosaecolana Doubleday and Rhopobota ustomaculana Curtis, are reported for the first time from North Korea. Because it is difficult to investigate the North Korean fauna of Tortricidae, this report will be helpful to understand the tortricid fauna and distribution for the country. 

The aim of the present study is to update our knowledge of the fauna of Tortricidae of North Korea with recently examined material. All the examined material for each species is enumerated with their localities and available information. 

Materials and Methods

 Material examined for this study was based on the collection in Hungarian Natural History Museum, Budapest, Hungary. When necessary, genitalia slides were made with Euparal mountant for identification of the species. Images were captured using an iCM 3.0 IMT i-Solution Inc. digital camera (Vancouver, Canada) attached to a Nikon MMZ 800 microscope (Yokohama, Japan). Abbreviations used in this study are as follows: TL-type locality, GS-genitalia slide number.

Taxonomic accounts

Order Lepidoptera Linnaeus, 1758
Family Tortricidae Latreille, 1803

Notocelia rosaecolana Doubleday (Figs 1, 3, 5) 찔레애기잎말이나방

Spilonota rosaecolana Doubleday, 1850, Zoologist 8: CVI. TL: Great Britain. 

Figs. 1-2. Adults: 1,Notocelia rosaecolana Doubleday; 2, Rhopobota ustomaculana Curtis.

Figs. 3-5. Male and female genitalia: 3 male genitalia of Notocelia rosaecolana Doubleday; 4, male genitalia of Rhopobota ustomaculana Curtis; 5, female genitalia of Notocelia rosaecolana Doubleday. <scale bars: 1 mm>

Adult (Fig. 1). Wingspan 18-19 mm. The species is similar to Japanese species Notocelia plumbea Nasu, but distinguished by the lacking of two gray fasciae on the central area of the forewing and shallowly constricted valva (Nasu, 1980).

Male genitalia. As shown in Fig. 3.
Female genitalia. As shown in Fig. 5. 

 Material examined. 1♀, Prov. South Pyongan, Pyongyang Hotel, 4. Sept. 1971, leg. S. Harvatovich & J. Papp-GS 080; 1♂, Prov. South Pyongan, Pyongyang Hotel garden, 17. Aug. 1971, leg. S. Harvatovich & J. Papp- GS 016; 1♂, Prov. South Pyongan, Pyongyang Hotel garden, 11. Aug. 1971, leg. S. Harvatovich & J. Papp- GS 041; 1♂, Prov. South Pyongan, Pyongyang Hotel garden, 14. Aug. 1971, leg. S. Harvatovich & J. Papp.

Distribution. Korea (S, N: new record), China, Japan, Russia (Siberia), Europe. 

Host plant. Rosa multiflora T. (Rosaceae) (Park, 1983). Rosa multiflora var. platyphylla Thory (Rosaceae) (Liu, 1983). 

Rhopobota ustomaculana Curtis (Figs 2, 4) 흰파도애기잎말이나방

Steganoptycha ustomaculana Curtis, 1831, Br. Ent. 6: 376. TL: Great Britain. 

Steganoptycha dorsovittana Herrich-Schäffer, 1851, Syst. Bearbeitung Schmett. Eur. 4: 280. TL: Czech Republic, Poland) 

 Adult (Fig. 2). Wingspan 11-13 mm. This species is similar to R. unipunctana (Haworth, [1811]) superficially, but it can be distinguished by the shape of end of valva and socii in male genitalia.

Male genitalia. As shown in Fig. 4. 

Material examined. 1♂, Prov. Ryanggang, Chann-Pay Plateau, Sam-Ji-Yan 1700m (Mt. Paektu)) 24. Jul. 1975, leg J. Papp & A. Vojnits- GS 020. 

Distribution. Korea (N: new record), China, Russia, Europe. 

Adoxophyes orana (Fisher von Röslerstamm) 애모무늬잎말이나방

Tortrix orana Fischer von Röslerstamm, 1834, Abb. Ber. Erg. Schmett.: 13. TL: Europe. 

 Adoxophyes fasciata Walsingham, 1900, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (7)5: 482.

Adoxophyes orana fasciata Walsingham: Yasuda, 1975, Bull. Univ. Osaka Pref. B(27): 129.

Wingspan 24 mm in female. The species shows considerable variation in wing patterns, especially in the southern parts of the Korean peninsula. Recently Byun et al. (2012) reviewed the Korean species of the genus Adoxophyes with three species, A. orana (Fisher von Röslerstamm), A. paraorana Byun, and A. honmai Yasuda. 

 Material examined. 1♀, Pyongyang City, 19.IX.1979, leg. H. Steinmann & T. Vasarhelyi.

Distribution. Korea (S, N), Japan, Russia, Europe. 

 Host plant. Malus pumila M., Prunus sp. (Rosaceae) (Park, 1983).

Remarks. Recently the genus Adoxophyes from southern part of the Korean peninsula was reviewed with three recognized species (Byun et al., 2012). Thus it can be expected that the more species will be found in North Korea in the future. 

Neocalyptis angustilineata (Walsingham) 꼬마홀쭉잎말이나방

 Epagoge angustilineata Walsingham, 1900, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (7)5: 484. TL: Japan (Kyushu).

 Dichelia inconditana Kennel, 1901, Dt. ent. Z. Iris, 13: 210.

 Wingspan 16 mm in female. This species is known as one of the common species in Korea, especially in the middle and southern areas of the Korean peninsula. It is similar to A. liratana (Christoph), but it can be distinguished by the shape of the male and the female genitalia.

Material examined. 1♀, Prov. South Pyongan, Pyongyan, Hotel garden, 17. Aug. 1971, leg. S. Horvatovich & J. Papp-GS 018. 

 Distribution. Korea (S, N), China, Japan.

Clepsis pallidana (Fabricius) 붉은무늬잎말이나방

Pyralis pallidana Fabricius, 1777, Gen. Ins. 2: 292. TL: Germany (Hamburg). 

Tortrix strigana Hübner, Samml. Eur. Schmett., 7: pl. 22, fig. 141.
Tortrix districta Meyrick, 1920, Exot. Microlep., 2: 242. 

Wingspan 17 mm in male. Obraztsov (1955) treated E. strigna H. as a valid name, but it is more practical to use the name pallidana, placing strigna as a junior synonym, from the result of inquiry about the type of Pyralis pallidana to Bradley (Park and Park, 1976). 

Material examined. 1♂, Prov. South Pyongan, Bongwa-ri, 45 km E from Pyangyan, 16-17. Aug. 1971, leg. S. Horvatovich & J. Papp-GS 001. 

Distribution. Korea (S, N), China, Japan, Russia (Siberia), Europe. 

Host plant. Artemisia montana P. (Compositae), Malus pumila M. (Rosaceae), and Trifolium repens L. (Leguminosae) (Park, 1983; Yasuda, 1975). Shrubs: Caragana sp., Caragana sinica (Buchoz) Rehder, Medicago sativa L. (Leguminosae),Spiraea sp. (Rosaceae), Farm crops: Cannabis sativa L. (Cannabinaceae), Gossypium sp., Hibiscus cannabinus (Malvaceae) (Liu, 1983; Liu and Li, 2002). 

Remarks. Larva is polyphagous, causing damage to the new shoot tips or sprout of the host plants, including various farm crops and herbaceous plants (Liu, 1983). 

Clepsis rurinana (Linnaeus) 반백잎말이나방

 Phalaena Tortrix rurinana Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat., 19:823. TL: Europe.

 Tortrix semialbana Guenée, 1845, Ann. Soc. Ent. France, 2 (3): 139.

Wingspan 15 mm in male. This species is known as one of the common species in the southern part of the Korean peninsula. The adults fly from the middle of May to the early September in Korea.

 Material examined. 1♂, Prov. Ryang-gang, Chann-Pay Plateau, Sam-zi-yan(=Mt. Paektu), 1700m, 24. July. 1975, leg. J. Papp & A. Vonits-GS 021.

 Distribution. Korea (S, N), China, Japan, Russia (Siberia), India, Asia Minor, Europe.

 Host plant. Larix leptolepis (S. et Z.) Gordon (Pinaceae) (Park, 1983). Anthriscus sylvestris Hoffm. (Umbelliferae), Calystegia sepium var. americana Matsuda (Convolvulaceae), Chelidonium majus var. asiaticum (Hara) Ohwi (Papaveraceae), Euphorbia sp. (Euphorbiaceae), Lilium sp. (Liliaceae), Lonicera japonica Thunb. (Caprifoliaceae), Rosa sp. (Rosaceae), Urtica L. (Urticaceae) (Liu, 1983; Liu and Li, 2002).

Acleris ulmicola (Meyrick) 참느릅잎말이나방

Acleris ulmicola Meyrick, 1930, Exot. Microl., 3: 612. TL: China (Manchuria). 

Wingspan 14 mm male. The species had been known as a subspecies Acleris boscana ulmicola (Park, 1983; Park and Park, 1976), but (Park and Razowski, 1991) treated it as Acleris ulmicola (Meyrick). 

Material examined. 1♂, Prov. South Pyongan, Pyongyan, Hotel garden, 3. Sept. 1971, leg. S. Horvatovich & J. Papp-GS 003. 

Distribution. Korea (S, N), China, Japan, Russia (Amur). 

 Host plant. Ulmus davidiana P., Ulmus sp., and U. propinqua (Ulmaceae) (Razowski, 1966). Ulmus davidiana in China and U. propinqua (Ulmaceae) in East Siberia, Russia (Liu, 1983; Liu and Li, 2002).

Acleris uniformis (Filipjev) 갈색무늬잎말이나방

Acleris uniformis Filipjev, 1931, Ann. Mus. Zool. Acad. USSR, 31: 512 (Peronea). TL: Russia (Siberia). 

Wingspan 15-19 mm. This species is similar to those of A. hastiana, especially in male genitalia, but it differs in the shape of the valva and the socius.

Material examined. 1♂, Prov. South Pyongan, Pyongyan, Hotel garden, 4-5. Aug. 1971, leg. S. Horvatovich & J. Papp-GS 013; 1♂, Prov. South Pyongan, Pyongyan, Hotel garden, 3. Sept. 1971, leg. S. Horvatovich & J. Papp-GS 027; 1♀, Prov. South Pyongan, Pyongyan, Hotel garden, 12. Aug. 1971, leg. S. Horvatovich & J. Papp-GS 007; 1♀, Prov. South Pyongan, Pyongyan, Hotel garden, 19. Aug. 1971, leg. S. Horvatovich & J. Papp-GS 095. 

Distribution. Korea (S, N), Japan, Russia (Ussuri, Siberia). 

Cochylidia richteriana (Fischer von Röslerstamm) 갈색가는잎말이나방

Cochyis richteriana Fischer von Röslerstamm, 1837, Abhandl. Bericht. Erganz Schmett-kunde, p. 92, t. 40, f. 3ab, b. TL: Europe. 

Cochylis olindiana Snellen, 1883, Tijd. Ent. 26: 194.
Cochylis ineptana Kennel, 1900, Dt. ent. Z. Iris. 13: 233. 

 Phalonia xanthodryas Meyrick, 1936, [in] Caradja and Meyrick, Dt. ent. Z. Iris. 50: 155.

Wingspan 14-15 mm. This species has the variations in wing patterns. It can be differentiated from the allied species by the distinct and straight medial fascia followed by several blackish tiny dots subterminally (Byun and Li, 2006). 

Material examined. 1♀, Prov. South Pyongan, Pyongyan, Hotel garden, 10. Aug. 1971, leg. S. Horvatovich & J. Papp-GS 009. 

Distribution. Korea (S, N), China, Japan, Russia (Amur, Siberia), Mongolia, Europe. 

 Host plant. Kawabe (1982) recorded Artemisia sp. (Asteraceae) as the host plant of this species.

Gynnidomorpha luridana (Gregson) 연황색가는잎말이나방

 Argyrolepia luridana Gregson, 1870, Entomologist, 5: 80. TL: England (Witherslack).

Wingspan 12 mm in female. This species has relatively uniform whitish ochreous ground color and the pale ochreousbrown markings are characteristic for the species (Byun and Li, 2006). 

Material examined. 1♀, Kaesong, Mts. Pakyon, Pakyo Popo, 27km NE from Kaesong, 10-12. Sept. 1971, leg. S. Horvatovich & J. Papp-GS 029. 

Distribution. Korea (S, N), China, Russia (Kuril Is.), Asia Minor, Europe. 

Gynnidomorpha permixtana (Denis et Schiffermüller, 1775) 송이풀가는잎말이나방

Tortrix permixtana Denis et Schiffermüller, 1775, Ank. Verz. Schmett. Wien. Geg.: 129. TL: Australia (Wien). 

 Cochylis mussehiliana Treitschke, 1835, Schmett. Eur. 10 (3): 141.

Cochylis dymotana Treitschke, 1835, Schmett. Eur. 10 (3): 142. 

Wingspan 12 mm. The blackish gray suffusion at the middle of the outer margin of the medial fascia and the grey suffusion in the distal half are characteristic for this species (Byun and Li, 2006). 

Material examined. 1♀, Prov. South Pyongan, Bongwa-ri, 45 km E from Pyangyan, 16-17. Aug. 1971, leg. S. Horvatovich & J. Papp-GS 008; 1♂, Prov. South Pyongan, Pyongyan, Hotel garden, 3. Sept. 1971, leg. S. Horvatovich & J. Papp-GS 011; 1 ♂, Prov. South Pyongan, Pyongyan, Hotel garden, 19. Aug. 1971, leg. S. Horvatovich & J. Papp-GS 010; 1♂, Prov. South Pyongan, Pyongyan, Hotel garden, 2. Sept. 1971, leg. S. Horvatovich & J. Papp-GS 012. 

Distribution. Korea (S, N), China, Japan, Mongolia, Russia (Siberia), Afghanistan, Europe. 

Host plant. Alisma sp. (Alismataceae), Gentiana sp. (Gentianaceae), Euphrasia sp., and Pedicularis sp. (Scrophulariaceae) have been known from Japan (Kawabe, 1982). Alisma orientale (Sam.) Juzepcz (Alismataceae), Euphrasia pectinata Ten., Pedicularis L. (Scrophulariaceae), Gentiana lutea L. (Gentianaceae) (Liu and Li, 2002). 

Pandemis heparana (Denis et Schiffermüller) 갈색잎말이나방

Tortrix heparana Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775, Ank. Syst. Werk. Schmett: 128 (Tortrix). TL: Austria (Wien). 

 Pyralis pasquagana Fabricius, 1787, Mont. Ins. 2: 226.

 Tortrixrubrana Sodoffsky, 1830, Bull. Soc. Imp. Nat. Moscou 2: 71.

Wingspan 23 mm in female. This species is similar to the P. dumetana Treitschke, but it can be distinguished by the characters of uncus and valva of the male genitalia. 

Material examined. 1♀, Prov. South Pyongan, Pyongyan, Hotel garden, 31. Aug. 1971, leg. S. Horvatovich & J. Papp-GS 006. 

Distribution. Korea (S, N), Japan, China, Russia, India, Europe. 

 Host plant. Alnus japonica S., Betula platyphylla S. (Betulaceae), Arctium lappa L., Artemisia montana P. (Compositae), Beta vulgaris L. (Chenopodiaceae), Castanea crenata S. & Z., Quercus dentata T. (Fagaceae), Cornus controversa H. (Cornaceae), Crataegus sp., Fragaria ananassa D., Malus pumila M., Prunus armeniaca var. ansu Max., Prunus persica (L.) Batsch, Prunus serrulata var. spontanea W., Pyrus serotina R. (Rosaceae), Erigeron annuus (L.) Pers. (Compositae), Ligustrum sp. (Oleaceae), Syringa sp. (Oleaceae), Linum usitatissimum L. (Linaceae), Phellodendron amurense R. (Rutaceae), Rhododendron mucronulatum T. (Ericaceae), Vaccinium vitis-idaea L. (Ericaceae), Salix sp. (Salicaceae), Trifolium repens L. (Leguminosae), and Ulmus davidiana P. (Ulmaceae) (Park, 1983). Anchusa sp. (Boraginaceae), Fagus sp., Quercus sp. (Fagaceae), Fraxinus sp. (Oleaceae), Humulus sp. (Cannabinaceae), Lysimachia sp. (Primulaceae), Pyrus sp., Sorbus sp. (Rosaceae), Rhamnus sp. (Rhamnaceae), Salix caprea L. (Salicaceae), Ulmus sp. (Ulmaceae), and Vaccinium sp. (Ericaceae) (Hannemann, 1961). Alnus japonica var. rufa Nak. (Betulaceae), Cerylus heterophyllus (Berberidaceae), Fagus sp. (Fagaceae), Fraxinus mandshurica R. (Oleaceae), Humulus lupulus L. (Cannabinaceae), Lysimachia clethroides Duby (Primulaceae), Malus pumila Mill., Prunus armeniaca var. ansu Max., Prunus persica, Prunus pseudocerasus, Pyrus sp.,Sorbus sp., piraea sp. (Rosaceae), Morus alba (Moraceae), Quercus sp. (Fagaceae), Salix koreensis A. (Salicaceae), Tilia sp. (Tiliaceae), Ulmus sp. (Ulmaceae), Vaccinium vitis-idaea L. (Ericaceae) (Liu and Li, 2002).

 Remarks. There are two generations a year in apple farm of Province Liaoning. It overwinters as larva within the bark on the trunk. And then, they resume to act in April in the next year. Moths fly during June to mid-July. Adults appear again in mid-August to late September (Liu, 1983).

Acknowledgements

 The first author thanks to Drs L. Ronkay and A. Kun, Department of Zoology, Hungarian Natural History Museum (HNHM), Budapest, Hungary, for allowing the examination of the North Korean specimens. This study was carried out with the support of ´Forest Science & Technology Projects (Project No. S1210 10L020100) provided by Korea Forest Service and Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF), funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (2012-0002618).

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