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ISSN : 1225-0171(Print)
ISSN : 2287-545X(Online)
Korean Journal of Applied Entomology Vol.49 No.3 pp.205-210

일장과 온도 처리가 톱다리개미허리노린재 수컷 성충의 휴면종료에 미치는 영향


Effect of Day Length and Temperature on the Diapause Termination of Riptortus pedestris (Hemiptera: Alydidae) Male Adults

허완, 박정규


  The bean bug, Riptortus pedestris (=clavatus) Fabricius (Hemiptera: Alydidae) is a serious pest of soybean in many countries. It enters a reproductive diapause in the winter by short day length (<13.5 h.) in Korea and Japan. The combined effects of temperatures (25℃ and 8℃) and day lengths (10L:14D and 14L:10D) upon the termination of the male"s diapause were studied. The combinations are ① HTLD = 25℃, 14L:10D treatment for 1, 2, 3 weeks and 30 days, ② HTSD = 25℃, 10L:14D treatment for 1, 2, and 3 weeks, ③ LTLD→HTLD = 8℃, 14L:10D treatment for 1, 2, and 3 weeks followed by HTLD treatment, ④ LTSD→HTLD = 8℃, 10L:14D treatment for 1, 2, and 3 weeks followed by HTLD. The amount of aggregation pheromone components secreted was adopted as the criteria for diapause termination in males. Males did not secrete aggregation pheromone under HTSD conditions. However, the males treated with HTLD for more than 21 days secreted significantly higher amounts of aggregation components, (E)-2-hexenyl (Z)-3-hexenoate and (E)-2-hexenyl (E)-2-hexenoate, compared to the control or HTSD treatments. The three components of the aggregation pheromone were secreted by the 14%, 29%, and 100% males treated with HTLD for 7 days, respectively. However more than 83% of the HTLD-treated males secreted all three components by the 30th day under the treatment. In comparison, the pheromone amounts secreted by the males treated with LTLD→HTLD or LTSD→HTLD were equal or less than those secreted by males with continuous HTLD treatment.