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ISSN : 1225-0171(Print)
ISSN : 2287-545X(Online)
Korean Journal of Applied Entomology Vol.40 No.3 pp.253-258
DOI :

하우스고추에서 Orius strigicollis Poppius를 이용한 총채벌레류 방제효과

초록

Orius strigicollis Poppius를 이용한 총채벌레의 생물적 방제 방법을 구명하기 위하여 하우스 고추에서 천적제거구(CNT), 약제처리구(PAT)와 천적방사구(NRT)의 세처리를 하여 처리구별로 총채벌레와 O. strigicollis의 밀도변동 및 고추 열매의 피해도 조사를 실시하였다. NRT에서 O. strigicollis의 약충은 최초 방사일로부터 13일후에 고추의 하부 잎에서 조사되었으며, 총채벌레의 밀도는 정식 15일후부터 급격히 낮아진 후 CNT보다 매우 낮은 밀도로 유지되었다. 총채벌레와 O. strigicollis가 꽃에 더 많이 분포하기 때문에 포식자 탐색을 증진시키는 결과를 가져왔다. CNT, PAT와 NRT에서 고추 열매의 피해도 지수는 각각 0.31, 0.05와 0.08이었고, 피해과율은 각각 80.0, 17.1과 24.8%로 NRT의 피해도 지수와 피해과율은 PAT보다는 높았으나 CNT에 비해서는 매우 낮아 고추에서 O. strigicollis를 이용하여 총채벌레를 방제할 수 있을 것으로 조사되었다.

Effects of Minute Pirate Bug, Orius strigicollis (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae) on Control of Thrips on Hot Pepper in Greenhouse

송정흡, 강상훈, 이광석, 한원탁

Abstract

Biological control of thrips with Orius strigicollis Poppius was evaluated in a hot pepper greenhouse. To study the biological control strategy of thrips on hot pepper grown in greenhouse, three plots were established: natural enemy removed plot(CNT), pesticide treated plot(PAT) and O. strigicollis released plot with no pesticide application (NRT). The nymphs of O. strigicollis were found on the leaves of lower stratum in CNT and NRT at 13 days after the first release. The density of thrips was suddenly dropped and maintained at low level since 15 day after transplanting in NRT. The densities of thrips on hot pepper flowers was also maintained at much less level in NRT than in CNT. The thrips and O. strigicollis, which were aggregated in flowers, may have resulted in improved predator searching. Average damage indices of CNT, PAT and NRT were 0.31, 0.05 and 0.08 and the percentage of damaged fruit were 80.0, 17.1 and 24.8% respectively. The damage index and percentage of damaged fruit of NRT was slightly higher than PAT, but very lower than CNT. The introduction of the adults of O. strigicollis, which was the biological control agent for the control of thrips, was effective on hot pepper.

Reference